AGRICULTURE AND AGROBUSINESS
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
The Senegalese economy is mainly based on the agriculture sector which occupies more than 60% of the active population. In this respect, the State of Senegal has implemented major programs to improve, strengthen and modernize the agricultural production base through the policies defined in the Emerging Senegal Plan (PSE), in its component PRACAS (Program to accelerate the pace of Senegalese agriculture), which aims at self-sufficiency in rice, among other objectives.
Thanks in particular to abundant water resources and arable land suitable for agricultural production, the potential of Senegalese agriculture is widely recognized, particularly in the cereal and horticultural sectors. Successful models of recent years provide ample evidence of the existing capacity of Senegalese and foreign private operators.
Senegalese agriculture is mainly:
nearly 4 million hectares (19% of the country's area), unevenly distributed in eco-geographical zones;
agricultural development only covers 65% of these lands annually, or about 2.5 million hectares;
98% of this land cultivated under rain, inducing an agricultural activity highly exposed to climatic hazards.
Agriculture is the fundamental pillar of Senegal's development policy, which brings together all the conditions favorable to the development of a competitive agriculture ensuring food security and important export flows to high-value markets. Specifically, the field of horticulture - fruit and vegetables - presents, in the current context, the best assets in terms of growth and creation of added value.
The range of food, industrial and horticultural agricultural products is wide and constitutes for Senegalese agriculture numerous confirmed opportunities. These products include groundnuts and oilseeds, rice, cereals (maize, millet, sorghum), onions, industrial tomatoes, export horticultural products, and so on.
However, to accelerate the pace of the financial crisis in a context of increasing scarcity, the Government of Senegal has chosen to make a prioritization effort. Thus, the Government with all stakeholders intends to focus and boost its agricultural investments in highly strategic products for Senegal affecting the entire rural world namely rice, onion, peanut and fruits and vegetables cons season.
The objective is, in particular, to achieve an export volume of more than 200 000 tonnes of fruit and vegetables, over a medium-term time horizon, through the widening of the diversity of "Origine Sénégal" products. Another ambition for Senegalese horticulture, in particular, is to contribute to self-sufficiency in market garden products at the national level.
Senegal is one of the sub-Saharan African countries closest to the major European markets. Thanks in particular to abundant land resources for agricultural production and water, the potential of agriculture in Senegal is widely recognized. The success models of recent years have proved the existing capacity of Senegalese and foreign private operators in the local market and for export, especially for horticultural production.
Climatic and soil conditions throughout the country present an excellent environment for agricultural production, especially horticulture.
Several positive factors determine Senegal's competitiveness in agriculture, especially in off-season export horticulture, namely:
Hydro-agricultural development in the Senegal River Valley and Anambé / Private investment in productive equipment and infrastructure on the rise;
Agro-ecological conditions very favorable to the development of three growing seasons;
Advantageous geographical situation in relation to the main export markets;
very favorable ocean climate on the coastal strip of the country (Coastline and Senegal River Valley) and suitable for off-season crops;
several soil types adapted to cereal and horticultural crops;
significant underutilized water potential in some areas of the country: 4 million ha of arable land equivalent to 385 ha per 1000 inhabitants, the world average being 86 ha per 1000 inhabitants;
35 billion m3 of renewable surface water and 4 billion m3 of groundwater;
a renewed interest in Senegal origin for speculations such as green beans, cherry tomatoes or sweet corn.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
For several years, Senegalese agriculture has embarked on a major diversification policy, notably on the development and promotion of export crops. Today, thanks to the modernization and diversification of production, Senegal has been experiencing, for the last ten years, a steady increase in volumes, but also a diversification of the range of products and destination markets, which has allowed to ensure a presence of Senegalese horticultural products on the export markets in a quasi-permanent way.
Proven investment opportunities exist for private investors in the modernization of agricultural practices, in the infrastructure platform (post-harvest facilities, cold chains, etc.), and in marketing, including:
- Off-season export horticulture: various assets, including the existence of a wide choice of opportunities in well-identified niches and the possibility of making different speculations in the fruit and vegetable sector throughout the year (sweet corn, cherry tomato, melon, etc.)
- Cereal crops (Rice, Wheat, etc.);
- Post-harvest infrastructure: transport, packaging, storage;
- Production and marketing of inputs: fertilizers, seeds, phytosanitary products;
- Production and marketing of agricultural equipment;
- Processing industries (fresh, manufactured), dried fruits etc.);
- Agricultural and hydro-agricultural development;
- Proven investment opportunities in the modernization of agricultural practices, in the infrastructure platform (post-harvest facilities, cold chains, etc.), and in marketing.
Export horticulture, for example, has various advantages, including the existence of a wide choice of opportunities in well-identified niches and the possibility of making different speculations in the fruit and vegetable sector throughout the entire period. year. Sweet corn, in particular, has become one of the main export products with
cherry tomatoes and melons, which are also growing exponentially with a longer marketing window.
The cut flowers and the decorative foliage constitute, moreover, a range of export products for the moment under-exploited in Senegal.
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
Senegal offers an environment conducive to the development of TIC-related activities. The country has firmly entered the era of the digital economy with a strong will of the State which has implemented a policy of growth and modernization of its administration based on TIC with significant investments made in terms of capacity and modernization.
Today, Senegal offers companies an uninterrupted connection to the rest of the world thanks to the most efficient connections (100% digitized broadband network throughout the country offering a range of products: ADSL, Frame Relay, ISDN, VSAT, etc.) and a 100% digitized telecommunications network with a loop of nearly 6,000 kilometers of optical fiber and an available international bandwidth of 25.7 Gb / s (2017).
Senegal is positioning itself more and more as a leader in sub-Saharan Africa, in terms of TIC and TV services. Like many developing countries such as India, Morocco, Mauritius or Tunisia, Senegal has been actively engaged for several years in the promotion of the TIC sector and Tele services.
Located 5 hours from Europe, Senegal is an opening country. Its political stability, combined with the various structural reforms undertaken by the public authorities, have allowed Senegal to gain a leading position in the international outsourcing market for IT services.
Senegal has firmly entered the era of the digital economy. The state has implemented a policy of growth and modernization of its TIC-based administration and has made significant investments to modernize telecommunications infrastructure. Today, Senegal offers businesses an uninterrupted connection to the rest of the world thanks to the most efficient connections (fiber optic submarine cable, ADSL, international leased lines, etc.).
Données chiffrées :
Croissance annuelle secteur : > 20% (tirée par la téléphonie mobile et les offres de service)
Réseau 100% numérisé à haut débit sur l’ensemble du territoire offrant une gamme de produits variés(ADSL, Frame Relay, RNIS, VSAT etc.)
Africa Coast to Europe (ACE), câble sous-marin de 17 000 kilomètres de longueur, desservant l’Afrique de l’ouest et appartenant à un consortium de 20 opérateurs dont Sonatel-Orange : capacité initiale de 200Gbit/s sur le segment 1 et 160Gbit/s sur les segments 2 & 3, avec une capacité maximale de 5,12 térabits/
Atlantis 2: 20 Gbit/s, reliant le Portugal, l’Espagne, le Sénégal, le Cap-Vert, le Brésil et l’Argentine
SAT-3/WASC/SAFE : 120 Gbit/s, reliant l’Europe, l’Afrique et l’Asie
GLO-1 (Globacom-1), câble sous-marin de 9 800 km de longueur, le long de la côte ouest-africaine, reliant laGrande-Bretagne au Nigéria, avec une capacité maximale de 2,5 térabits/s
Bande passante internationale à 25,7 Gb/s (2017)
Centre de télécommunications par satellite pointant sur le satellite 355.5°d’Intelsat
Hub offrant des services VSAT pointant sur le satellite 328.5° d’Intelsat
Réseau de télécommunications numérisé à 100% avec une boucle de 3 000 kilomètres de fibre optique à travers le pays
Réseau national IP et liaisons spécialisées de 64 Kbps à 2 Mbps
Généralisation des systèmes à 2,5 Gb sur l’ensemble des liaisons depuis 2007
Haut débit dans toutes les capitales départementales (ADSL) depuis 2008
100% de Couverture par le GSM et le CDMA
Présence de 3 opérateurs télécoms majeurs sur le marché
Geographic proximity, the shared French language, and the quality and competitiveness of the workforce, all of which are characteristic of Senegal, are all levers for the development of high value-added services based on ICT.
In addition to the high level of technology development, the availability, at competitive costs, of a qualified workforce makes Senegal a preferred destination for outsourcing customer relationships and value-added IT services.
The competitive advantages of Senegal in the ICT and Teleservices segment are as follows:
- fair and healthy competition for the benefit of users of telecommunications networks and services guaranteed by the Telecommunications and Postal Regulatory Agency (ARTP);
- a secure legislative and regulatory framework.
- the linguistic tradition for Francophone principals;
- high-level telecommunications infrastructure;
- a geographical and cultural proximity with the western contractors, in particular those of the European market;
- the quality and competitiveness of the workforce;
- potential for the development of value-added IT services (software engineering, IT systems integration, third-party application maintenance, development of mobile applications, etc.).
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
Senegal has become a destination of choice for the outskirts of the outsourcing of customer relations and value-added IT services. It enjoys a growing reputation internationally and is one of the top destinations for this type of service.
The evolution of the TIC market in Senegal is strongly marked by a convergence of mobile and Internet services due to the growing demand for mobile broadband services and the placing on the market of new mobile devices and the development of applications and services. mobile.
The TIC and teleservices market in Senegal is becoming more and more competitive in each segment, whether with voice or voice services or third generation mobile communications.
Various mobile applications are being developed to improve service delivery in several sectors (agriculture, health, education, finance, employment, governance and transportation). In the agricultural sector, for example, a mobile tool, called mAgri, has been developed in Senegal to help strengthen the efficiency of agricultural value chains.
In addition, in electronic banking or mobile banking services, interactive solutions available on a mobile phone and which allows the customer to access banking services. Innovative services like mobibank and mobile money transfers have been booming in Senegal for several years, making banking accessible to all, as evidenced by the success of mobile banking and mobile banking. mobile payments
Application platforms providing services via mobile applications also provide services to individuals and businesses in several areas, including:
- Financial solutions through electronic money transfer and payment;
- Micro-business solutions for health microinsurance and the integrated management of distribution networks.Different sectoral opportunities exist in the sector in Senegal, including:
- Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) or outsourcing of a company's business processes (customer relationship, remote data processing, data processing, etc.);
- Computer Engineering (Third Party Application Maintenance, Systems Integration, Specific Application Development, Mobile Banking etc.);
- The Contact Center (Telemarketing, Hotline, Remote Technical Support etc.);
- The Digital Technology Park (PTN): Developed, on a 25 hectare closed site in the Diamniadio Urban Pole, the first and very large regional platform to promote innovation and the development of digital services, creating jobs;
- Digital Activity Poles (Digipoles): throughout the national territory, with a pilot phase in the Universities of Dakar, Thiès, Saint-Louis, Bambey and Ziguinchor.
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
In Senegal, the mining sector has significant potential for private investors. With the exception of phosphates, gold, zircon and industrial limestones, the mining potential is largely under-exploited.
The Government of Senegal, in consultation and in close collaboration with the various stakeholders in the sector, has developed a mining policy aimed at improving the performance of extractive activities, attracting domestic and foreign investors and, above all, guaranteeing domestic production capable of generating wealth and create sustainable jobs.
To valorize all its mining resources, Senegal undertook a vast policy of opening of the sector to develop in particular the foreign mining investment
In terms of mineral resources, Senegal is traditionally known since the 1940s for phosphate mining.
Senegal has a rich basement with various mineral resources such as:
- precious metals (gold and platinoids);
- base metals (iron, copper, chromium, nickel);
- industrial minerals (phosphates, industrial limestones, salts, etc.);
- heavy minerals (zircon, titanium, etc.);
- Ornamental stones and building materials. In iron, iron deposits are located in four (04) distinct zones and proven reserves are estimated at more than 750 million tonnes. One of these areas is home to the Faleme project in the south-east of the country, which has an annual production of 15 to 25 million tons of iron ore. Its development is integrated with the creation of new road and port infrastructures with the ore port of Bargny.
The Senegalese sedimentary basin is also rich in other resources such as zircon, titanium, industrial limestone, attapulgite, peat, natural gas, etc.
To valorize all these mineral resources, Senegal undertook a vast policy of opening up the sector to develop in particular the foreign mining investment.
The interest in developing the mining resources and fertilizers sector appears to be manifold. These achievements fall within the framework:
rebalancing the trade balance, amplifying the ripple effects on the rest of the economy (tax resources, agriculture, industry, infrastructure) and contributing to social development through artisanal mines.
exploitation of mineral resources, which is an opportunity to create structuring infrastructures and to develop diversified and sustainable economic activities at the level of production areas while ensuring the protection of the environment.
the development of the mining industry, for which Senegal will position itself as a reference center for services in the region. The development of a fertilizer sector with a national champion is part of the objective of sustainably raising productivity and agricultural production levels.
The Senegalese subsoil shows numerous clues or deposits of useful substances or minerals, which leaves room for the entry of new private investors into the sector. The interest in Senegal's heavy mineral sands has increased rapidly in view of the different opportunities they offer. Sand dunes along the Atlantic coast are e and large deposits of industrial minerals such as zircon and titaniferous minerals and ilmenite.
The eastern part of the country is full of important mineral resources, some of which are currently being exploited. The mining prospecting and geological mapping carried out made it possible to highlight the indices of metallic and non-metallic ores: platinum, chromium, silver, manganese, industrial clays, ornamental stones etc.
Eastern Senegal also has large reserves of marble of good quality estimated at several million cubic meters. These marbles of which there are up to six (06) varieties are located mainly in Ndebou, Bandafassi and Ibel.
The country has created a climate conducive to investment through a simple, clear, transparent, flexible, competitive and non-discriminatory legislative and regulatory framework and has attracted investors for the revival and development of traditional phosphate sectors. and the cement industry as the research and exploitation of gold, iron, marble and so on. in the region of Eastern Senegal and zircon and titanium at the Grande Côte.
Just for phosphates, the exploitation of deposits across the country, whose reserves are estimated at between 500 million and 1 billion tonnes, places Senegal in the top ten phosphate producing countries worldwide.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
Senegal has been one of the main phosphate producers in the world, with the exploitation of the large lime phosphate deposits of Taiba, in the Thies region.
The Senegalese subsoil contains a great variety of mineral wealth: iron, gold, copper, peat, copper, chromium, alumina phosphates, ceramic and industrial clay (attapulgite), ornamental stones (marble, granite, etc.), heavy sands (ilmenite, zircon, rutile), extra siliceous sands (glass sand), diatomaceous earth, rock salt, etc.
Senegal has significant mineral potential, but only phosphates and their derivatives (acids and fertilizers), building materials (stone bricks, cement, clay, aggregates, gypsum, sand and gravel) have so far dominated the sector.
The Government has put in place incentives for the development of a mining sector generating wealth, under the Mining Code.
The objectives adopted should soon be overcome with the implementation of the Emerging Senegal Plan projects, which offer proven opportunities to the private sector, in particular:
the development of the phosphate sector, thanks in particular to the exploitation of the Matam phosphate deposits and the production of fertilizers;
The integrated iron project of Falémé;
Exploration and exploitation of open pit mines:
The treatment, handling and loading of ore trains
Rehabilitation of railway lines
The construction of a mineral port at Bargny
the acceleration of gold mining in the Kédougou region and the zircon of the Grand Côte;
the promotion of the artisanal mine, to make it a real opportunity for social and economic development. The realization of these projects will be facilitated by the setting up of a real regional mining hub, making Senegal the reference zone for mining services. in the West African region.
SEAFOOD AND AQUACULTURE
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
The Senegalese maritime zone is characterized by a great biological diversity. The exploited resources comprise four groups with bioecological characteristics and the socio-economic importance are different: offshore pelagic species (tuna, swordfish, marlins, etc.), coastal pelagics (mackerel, sardinella, etc.) deep demersal species (shrimp , hake, etc.) and coastal demersal species (crustaceans, mullet, sole, octopus, etc.)
Regarding aquaculture, it is one of the pillars of the Senegal Emergent Plan (PSE), which aims to make Senegal an emerging country based on sustained and sustainable growth. Senegal benefits from six (06) eco-geographical zones that are conducive to aquaculture and offer significant opportunities, with pollution-free fresh and marine waters and quality soils.
The fall in fish production in Senegal has favored the introduction of species from aquaculture (tilapia, catfish, etc.) The existence of a local and export market is confirmed by the world population growth and especially African high, hence the increased consumption needs in fish products.
The existence of a local and export market is confirmed by the world population growth and especially African high, hence the increased consumption needs in fish products.
Also, the beneficial effects on health have been highlighted with the presence of Omega 3 acids producing protective effects on the cardiovascular plan.
Senegal has a maritime area of about 198,000 km2 with a large continental shelf of 23,800 km2. The Senegalese coast is ranked among the most productive in the world, by season (November to May) and under the e and trade winds, the maritime domain is experiencing a rise in cold waters, rich in nutrients and which promote the development of abundant and diverse flora and fauna.
The following ecological factors are the most predominant:
- Existence of six (06) eco-geographical zones suitable for sea fishing and aquaculture and offering significant opportunities
- Availability of sufficient water resources with ideal characteristics for aquaculture production allowing large-scale yields:
- 718 km of coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and mouths of rivers
- The Senegal River 1700km long
- The Gambia River (750 km)
- The Casamance River (300km)
- Estuaries of Sine-Saloum
- Lake Guiers (280 km2) and retention basins.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
In addition to the advantages conferred on it by its geographical position, by its openness to the international and interregional space, Senegal is full of enormous potentialities in the field of recovery and marketing of fish products.
To this must be added a large demand for processed products meeting the standards in the European, American and even Asian markets.
With regard to aquaculture production, with the scarcity of fish products in several West African countries, its development is based on several parameters, notably:
a drastic fall in fish catches favoring the introduction of species such as Nile Tilapia, abalone or catfish in Senegal;
favorable water temperatures in Senegal, allowing, for example, tilapia to reach a marketable size more rapidly than in other producing countries, with the possibility of two harvests per year;
breeding and breeding conditions in Senegal likely to make the production of Nile tilapia very competitive;
the potential for aquaculture production of tilapia in Saint-Louis (particularly in the floodplain valleys) and on the Petite Côte, in an intensive closed-circuit breeding system;
potential for aquaculture production of tiger shrimp in the regions of Sine-Saloum and Casamance, either in semi-intensive or intensive mode.
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
Rice is a strategic sector for food security and nutrition in Senegal. At the instigation of the Government, the sector has seen a clear consolidation in recent years, with a considerable increase in production volumes.
Rice occupies a prime place in the consumption habits of Senegalese people. In addition, population growth and increasing urbanization have significantly increased the consumption needs of this commodity, leading Senegal to resort to massive imports which reached a net value of CFAF 189.27 billion in 2016, ie 966 498 tonnes. imported (source: NACE (Economic Situation Analysis Note), 2016), with an average consumption of 80 kg / year per inhabitant, making Senegal one of the largest rice consumers in Africa.
Rice alone accounts for almost 10% of the trade balance and this phenomenon tends to increase over time as domestic production is growing at a slower rate than consumption, which it only partially covers. Practiced under rain or under irrigation, rice growing, a national issue, is generating a growing enthusiasm among producers, despite the economic difficulties.
The Senegalese Agricultural Acceleration Program (PRACAS) aims at self-sufficiency in rice, among other objectives. PRACAS is being implemented to promote the production of high quality white rice in Senegal, with a target of 1.8 million tonnes, of which 1.6 million paddy rice in the short term. The total cost of PRACAS is about 74 billion CFA francs.
The gap to be filled, to satisfy the national demand for white rice, is covered by imports, which weigh heavily on Senegal's trade balance and poses, in the process, a real problem of food sovereignty.
To reverse this trend, the State Authorities have launched the Acceleration Program of the Senegalese Agriculture Program (PRACAS) which, in its rice component, aims to boost rice production in all production areas (Senegal River Valley). , Anambé Basin, rice-growing areas under rainfed conditions).
Thus, the promotion of local rice growing to meet national demand is a strategic option of the State, reinforced by the uncertainties of the international rice market and the exceptional potential of Senegal in natural resources (abundance of water resources, land suitable for rice cultivation, favorable climate favoring two crops per year).
Rice imports have decreased significantly between 2016 and 2015 (- 2.77% in volume), thanks in particular to the upscaling and qualitative and quantitative leap made by local producers, which considerably overcomes the significant needs for rice. imports, mainly from Southeast Asia. Added to this is the consumption habits of the Senegalese population, with a strong recent tendency to consume broken local rice, local producers now having a real mastery of innovative agro-processing processes.
Thanks in particular to abundant land resources for agricultural production and water, the potential of agriculture in Senegal is widely recognized, particularly in the rice sector. The successful models of recent years provide ample evidence of the existing capacity of Senegalese and foreign private farmers in rice farming. Climatic and soil conditions throughout the country present an excellent environment for rice production:
the natural environment gives Senegal a proven advantage over many countries, including some exporting countries to which Senegal is a customer (climatic instability in South-East Asia, etc.);
Since its introduction, rice farming has attracted ever-increasing interest among farmers. This membership has continued to be confirmed regardless of the status and motivations of the producer, the rice ecosystems and cropping systems, and despite the economic difficulties;
a synergy has been established with the development structures resulting, inter alia, in the introduction of plant material with high yield potential (Sahel varieties)
economically, the cost price of local rice has become competitive with that of imported rice, and room for improvement still exists. At the same time, quality has improved a lot, thus increasing its demand at the national level.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
Rice growing is an important part of socio-economic development in Senegal underpinned by agricultural production in quantity and quality. Controlled and efficient local production would allow Senegal to enjoy proven opportunities in solvent markets, both domestic and foreign.
The creation of an attractive environment to attract the interest of the private sector in the development of the rice sector, the production of quality rice, the increase of productivity and rice production in order to achieve the self-sufficiency are major challenges for the Senegalese State and the actors in the sector.
The climate conducive to the double rotation of rice crops, the gradual return of multilateral technical and financial partners who are investing more and more in rice farming and the current context of the international rice market are great opportunities to seize.
Optimizing the distribution of local rice necessarily means adapting production to the demands of the Senegalese consumer. Today rice imports are conditioned by highly volatile rice prices, in addition to banking conditions, and these factors play a large role in importers' pricing. Given the importance and dynamism of the domestic market, there are real investment opportunities in the sector, including:
• In the development of agroindustrial units for paddy rice production;
• In the processing of rice for consumption, following integrated models.
In the end, self-sufficiency in rice appears to be a food sovereignty and food security issue aimed in particular at reducing the size of the trade balance.
PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
The State of Senegal aims to make the health sector a lever for sustainable growth. Senegal has become the West African hub for health services in general. However, medical tourism is not yet sufficiently developed, despite the great potential and internationally recognized human expertise that the country can rely on.
Senegal stands out from most countries in the sub-region, particularly because of the quality of its technical platform and the expertise of these medical resources, both in terms of general activities and specialties.
Because of its privileged geographical position and its degree of openness, Senegal has become a competitive investment destination in the health sector.
We have recently witnessed the emergence of several healthcare centers in cutting-edge segments such as medical magnetic resonance imaging, which is a modern and powerful means of investigation to analyze the human body as a whole, as well as functional exploration of the visual field and laser treatment of ophthalmological pathologies and refractive laser surgery, among others.
Senegal's expertise in health is recognized by all, with renowned practitioners well versed in the task. Senegal also has an excellent faculty of medicine that trains nationals of the sub-region and the Maghreb.
Senegal has become a health destination and receives patients from several countries in the ECOWAS region and has considerable assets to further promote its destination in order to attract more health tourists. Among these assets we can cite essentially, its privileged geographical position and its degree of openness, the recovery of the medical technical platform, the opening of several private clinics, a renowned medical body and finally an excellent faculty of medicine recognized as a reference in Africa and has an aggregation preparation center at CAMES.
Thanks to its privileged geographical position, Senegal can take advantage of several natural advantages to become a competitive investment destination in the service sector, particularly in the health sector. Among these assets are: 3000 hours of sunshine a year, ocean temperatures (about 25 ° C), 700 km of coastline, geographical proximity to the main markets emitting markets, a rich historical and cultural heritage, a wide range of natural and cultural assets, etc.
We also note the availability of an extremely rich offer in its diversity offering interesting plant resources that can be used for medicinal purposes. The existence of a range of nearly one hundred medicinal plants and know-how in herbal medicine can also constitute a solid basis for developing a medical tourism based on our natural assets.
Moreover, the existence of a microclimate producing a sensation of freshness in the Saloum Islands, with its islets bordered by the mangrove and its many inlets, which owe their beauty to the presence of micro-organisms and to the strong concentration of minerals, has favored the installation of hotel receptives and picturesque tourist camps offering varied body and relaxation treatments (mud bath, thermotherapy, etc.).
In terms of human resources, the Senegalese expertise in health is recognized by all, with renowned practitioners experienced in the task. Senegal also has a faculty of medicine that trains nationals of the sub-region and the Maghreb.
Finally, in terms of infrastructure, a network of private clinics and specialized centers offering a variety of treatments, as well as diagnostic centers and modern analysis laboratories are among the strengths that Senegal can enjoy.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
Specialized clinics in various fields of medicine that welcome, for their medical care, many nationals of the subregion, Mauritanians, Gambians and Malians in particular. State-of-the-art components such as medical imaging, nephrology, mammography, biomedical analysis, etc. have begun to flourish in the last decade.
For a long time, the treatment of certain diseases especially renal or cardiac, was not very developed in Senegal. However, we have recently noted a recovery of the medical technical platform, particularly on so-called "invasive" technologies, to visualize, for example, the arteries of patients and treat coronary artery disease.
For some diagnoses alone, Senegalese and subregional patients were obliged to go to either the Maghreb, Europe or the United States. The opening of several specialized clinics in Senegal and precisely in Dakar is part of a process of offering quality care, reducing the costs associated with taking care of patients and limiting evacuations abroad. contribute to the goal of making Dakar, a sub-regional medical hub to capture and disband patients in the West African sub-region.
The country is today a very competitive investment destination in the health sector. However, in order to broaden its offer in this service segment, Senegal must ensure a move upmarket, in this sector that will attract investors in advanced sectors (medical biotechnology, cancer institutes, analysis laboratories). pharmaceutical, etc.). In order to consolidate its position as a privileged center for health services in the sub-region, Senegal must now expand its offer of opportunities that will make it a more attractive destination.
The health sector, with high added value, focused on biomedical research, clinical trials, pharmaceuticals and phytopharmaceuticals, finds in Senegal the ideal conditions for its development.
PORTRAIT DU SECTEUR
Traditionally focused on seaside and business, we have been witnessing the development of niche products in recent years. There are four main tourism products, with however a strong predominance of seaside tourism (54% of the offer) and business (33% of the offer) The tourist destination "Senegal" was built around the tourism of business and convention.
Dakar has positioned itself as the gateway to West Africa, for congress and business tourism, given its privileged geographical position. The capital is well positioned on this niche thanks to its mild climate, its exceptional position and the dynamism of its diplomacy.
The high-capacity tourist areas are Dakar (Business and Seaside Tourism), Thies (Balnea), especially the small coast, Casamance (Ecotourism and Seaside), Tambacounda (Hunting Tourism and Discovery), Fatick (Ecotourism) and St. Louis (Cultural and Seaside Tourism).
It has gradually developed around Senegal's major tourist resorts, a very important support infrastructure making this sector one of the pillars of the country's development.
- 300 days of sunshine a year;
5 hours flight from the major European transmitter market;
500 km of beaches;
700 km of coastline;
Development of new sites underway on the small coast;
Segment with strong growth in recent years and existence of great opportunities for development;
Improvement of urban mobility at major highways;
Important natural assets with coastal, fluvial and terrestrial ecosystems;
Richness of biodiversity
Six (06) national parks
Four (04) nature reserves;
Strong development of niches such as Discovery Tourism and Sport Fishing.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
The tourism sector offers a wide range of opportunities in different sectors and activities including the development of tourist areas, hotels and restaurants, tourist transport, capacity building and services, the organization of conferences and congresses , leisure activities and sports etc.
The new positioning of Senegal's tourism development is based on a national strategy to increase supply and quality. It is also about sustainability, taking into account, from the initial project design stage, environmental, biophysical and social issues.
The tourism sector offers a wide range of opportunities in different sectors, including the development of tourist areas, hotels and restaurants, fun activities etc.
The key opportunities that exist are, among others:
- Establishment of 3-6 integrated and targeted tourist developments around clear segments (seaside, cultural / religious, business, eco-tourism), with a rich product offer, diversified and specific to the segment (s) targeted;
- Development of the supply of air and city trip in Dakar and its peripheral zone;
- Redevelopment of Saly with the development of domestic tourism;
- Development of the Niokolo-Koba and development of an offer of eco-tourism / tourismecynégétique (safari).
- Development of new generation tourist resorts: i. Joal-Finio: Island 800 meters long to develop with a hotel plot with a capacity of 250 rooms, a commercial space, an ecological garden, etc.ii. Pointe Sarène: 110 ha to develop with five (05) hotels with a total capacity of 1600 rooms, 120 high-end villas, a nautical base, etc.iii. Mbodiène: 504 ha to develop with four (04) hotels, shopping centers, golf courses, amusement park, etc.
- Tourist receptions (hotels, resorts, restaurants)
- Training Institutes
Cultural and recreational infrastructures